SHONA MODERN | The Peggy Knowlton Collection of 20th Century Zimbabwean Art

Collectors and Resellers Take Note: This is a No-Reserve Auction! 

Live Auction: Sunday, June 11, 11AM EST
Public Exhibition: June 7-10, 11AM-5PM

Auction/Exhibition Location: 4961 River Rd., Point Pleasant, Pennsylvania, 18950
Make it a Weekend in Beautiful and Historic Bucks County! (Click here)

“Shona sculpture is perhaps the most important new art form to emerge from Africa in the 20th century.”

“Picasso was an admirer of early Shona sculpture; now evidence is surfacing that he was influenced by it.”
—Town & Country Magazine

Material Culture will be holding an auction solely dedicated to the Peggy Knowlton collection of modern Shona sculpture. Over 600 lots of stone sculpture by over 60 different artists from Zimbabwe include highlights by masters of the movement such as Nicholas Mukomberanwa, Dominic Benhura and Richard Mteki, and vary in size from diminutive curio to massive show-stopper… (Read more)

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Artist Bios

Chrispen (Mac) Karanda was born on August 12, 1955 in Mondoro, a rural region in Zimbabwe. The last born in a family of ten children he grew up herding cattle and working on the land. He went through the problems that any poor child would experience; lack of food, clothing and education.
Mac did odd jobs for people who at times paid him or gave him food. His fortune changed for the better when John Geddes from Cornwall, Britain saw him and decided to help with his school fees. Mac was able to return to school and resume his education. He is now working on a Masters Degree in Business Studies and is proud to be one of the very few people, if any, who have a love for the stone and is still striving to continue his advanced education.

Mac started working seriously with stone in 1999. The motivation for his art is his upbringing. It gave him a strong work ethic and taught him the value of hard work. In the beginning Mac sculpted mainly using Springstone. Later he moved to using Red Serpentine (Jasper stone) that is found only in his rural hometown.

Interestingly, the name Karanda means Servant or Slave. Mondoro, the town where he comes from means Ancestral Spirit. Mac teaches other people how to work with stone and intends to continue teaching because this is a part of who he is.

Mr. Karanda says “…..anyone who understands my art understands me. My life is protected by my spirit and I communicate through my works in stone. If you treasure my art, you treasure the person in me”.

Mac has exhibited in Germany, England, the Netherlands and in Zimbabwe as well as the United States (New York, California and Pennsylvania).

Dominic Benhura was born in 1968 in the small town of Murewa, Zimbabwe some 100 kilometers northeast of Harare. His father died before he was born and his mother raised him alone. Benhura excelled in primary school and it was suggested that he attend school in Harare. At the age of ten Dominic went to live with his uncle, Sekuru Gutsa, who owned a family home in the high density suburb of Tafara, in Harare, to further his studies. It was here that he was introduced to art and sculpture from his cousin, Tapfuma Gutsa, an established sculptor in his own right.
Tapfuma Gutsa had gained art and wood carving experience at Serima Mission, and quickly became Dominic’s friend and mentor. Benhura began to help Tapfurma polish his pieces, later trying his hand at chisel and hammer, eventually carving small off cuts before moving on to larger stone. Tapfuma continued to support, nuture and encourage Benhura and was pleased to see the young man develop his own individual style. Selling his first work to an architect at the age of 12, sculpting became a passion for Benhura who would rush home from school to work on his pieces. After achieving excellent school results, he turned sculpting full time, much to the dismay of his family. They felt he was too smart to turn to sculpting as a full time career rather than business or architecture. In 1987 he began to take his work to Chapungu Sculpture Park and in 1990, he was invited to join the artist in residence program. Dominic worked tirelessly for long hours at Chapungu , extending himself mentally, physically and creatively. He was encouraged to work on larger and forms during his stay, including the “PawPaw Tree”, “Euphorbia”, and “Calabashes”. In 1995 Dominic moved on to acquire his home in Athlone, Harare.

In 1995 Dominic left Chapungu and moved into his new home in Athlone, Harare. By this time he was regarded as being amongst the most important second generation artists, his work was sought after both local and overseas collectors. These years also marked the beginning of overseas travel and he attended workshops in Botswana, the United States, Belgium, Holland, Denmark and Germany. These travels broadened his outlook and brought him much acclaim. Through the years, his willingness to innovate and experiment has led to many new techniques being included in his sculpture; threading cored stone onto metal rods, using nails bound together and then glued into stone to depict thorns.

Benhura however, refused to limit himself to stone and freely used any material and technique available. He is a young Zimbabwean who has chosen art as his career and believes that the only truth is within himself and his own experiences. He shuns books on art and says of his lack of art training; “I don’t miss that. It is better my work is my own”. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he sketches profusely and keeps a sketch book close at hand in order to record ideas as they come to him. Once he has selected the rock he needs for a certain sketch he abandons the sketch so that it does not dictate to him, letting his moods and feelings together with the intrinsic characteristics of the stone control the final outcome. His most recent massive work: Our HIV friend” is an epic and further consolidates his position. Carved from a single 3-Kilometer block of Springstone Serpentine talks openly of the terrible scourge of the AIDS epidemic and the need for support from family and friends.

Edmore Sango was born in 1977 in Chitaunhike Villlage in Guruve, a rural region in northeast Zimbabwe. Though many fine sculptors came from his village, he is also the youngest brother of world-renowned master sculptor Brighton Sango.
Completing his primary education at Nyanhungzi primary school and secondary education at Mamini High School. Edmore would stay with Brighton during school breaks. At the age of seven, Edmore asked him to teach him how to carve. Brighton told him it was a very difficult job and he was still too young.

When Edmore was eleven, Brighton began teaching him the basic proceedures of washing and sanding the raw carving which takes hours to reach a smooth finish before waxing. Next he was taught the process of waxing the stone, layer after layer, to reach a gleaming patina; finally the task of finding stone with no cracks or deep fissures; and then the final selection of the shape and color of the stone. On his April Holiday from school in 1993 drew lines on a stone and had Edmore chisel out his design. Edmore worked diligently at his brother’s side watching and learning. Brighton was pleased with Edmore’s enthusiasm and continued to share his stones,tools, techniques and ideas until his death in 1995. Edmore finished senior high school, moved into Brighton’s house and became a full time sculptor in 1996.

He can be likened only to a young Brighton; innately gifted, whose carvings give us glimpses of sculpting genius yet to be fully realized. Edmore’s ability and powerful style denotes a sophistication and capability far beyond his young age. He says that “My sculpting represents my thoughtfulness and happiness.”

Now married to Charity Tavirimirwa, Edmore has two daughters, Ruvarashe and Tadiwanda Sango. Gaining national attention, Edmore’s work can be found in galleries worldwide including Spain, the Netherlands, Germany, Canada and the United States.

Exhibitions and Workshops

1998: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Providence, RI
2000-2003″ Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Princeton, New Jersey
2001: World Art Foundation: the Netherlands
2001: Kunst in Depolder, the Netherlands
2002: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA
2002: Enlaoe Gallery
2002: Group Exhibition, Plumer Farm, Westerkappein, Germany
2004 & 2005: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA
2006: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, New Hope Arts Center, New Hope, PA
2007: Celebration of Life, Horsham, PA
2007: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA
2008: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Erwinna, PA
2011: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Princeton, New Jersey
2013: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA

Factor Ziira was born in Guruve, Zimbabwe in 1954. He married the daughter of the late famous Henry Munyaradzi and he started to sculpt mainly as Henry’s assistant from the late 80’s. He works mainly on serpentine springstone and he followed in the footsteps of his late father-in-law to make powerful but simple sculptures following the shape of the stone. He prefers not to fight but instead let the stone guide him.

His themes mainly revolve around family, animals, birds, playing children as well as other forms that are traditional subjects of the Shona tribe who are the majority tribe of Zimbabwe.

He has traveled to many European cities as well as a variety of cities in the United States.


2007: Little Zim Gallery workshops, Gunzburg, Germany
2007: Kasipiti Gallery, Visp, Switzerland
2011-2013: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA
2014: River Latina Art Show, Waggis, Switzerland
2015: Litmus Art Gallery “Everything Goes Show”, Raleigh, North Carolina


Hemingway Gallery, New York City
Zuva Art Gallery , Phoenix, Arizona
Ibwe Gallery, Switzerland
TaT Shona Gallery, Lucerne, Switzerland
Spirits in Stone Gallery, Germany
Sacred Hoop Trading, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Kasipiti Gallery, Visp, Switzerland
Little Zim Gallery, Gunzberg, Germany

Gift Muza have always made a powerful impression on anyone looking at an exhibition of stone sculpture from Zimbabwe. He was always interested in capturing the various images of the spirit ancestors who are so much of a part of the culture of the Shona people. The Shona take up more than 70% of the 11 million population of Zimbabwe. Shona dominance helps keep many aspects of their traditional culture a continuing influence in daily life, especially in the rural areas.
Gift Muza carved stone into pieces which express gentleness, humor and love. He chose subjects which were whimsical and endearing. Kindness, laughter and smiles are captured in his carvings of hippos, owls, cranes and turtles. His embarrassed spirit men shyly hide giggling smiles.

The spirit in each stone told Gift what to carve. Gift learned the techniques of his art from his cousin, recognized artist Peter Mandala. After one year of tutoring, Gift was able to produce works as an instinctive artist in his own right.

Every Shona family looks forward to the birth of it’s first son. This son becomes the family elder and is responsible for the financial well being of sisters, younger brothers, their wives, their children and all younger cousins. He made all the decisions regarding the family’s future, settled quarrels, gave blessings of marraige and doled out proper retributions when necessary. Before Gift was born, his mother gave birth to five daughters. His mother was so thrilled with her “gift” that this became his name. Gift was considered a very fine sculptor and he delighted in finding serpentine stone with a rich variety of colors. His work is always beautifully finished.

Gift Muza has exhibited at the Commonwealth Institute, London; Spiral Building, Tokyo; Pacific Asian Art Museum, Pasadena, CA; Washington, D.C.; Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey; Somerset Art Museum, Pluckemin, New Jersey; Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island; Garrison Art Museum, Garrison, New York; and at the New York Athletic Club in New York City.

Gift Muza passed away at the young age of 34 in September of 1996, leaving a wife and five children.

Lawrence Mukomberanwa: Born in Zimbabwe in 1976, Lawrence Mukomberanwa is one of the great talents among the modern Zimbabwean stone sculptors of the 21st century.The oldest living son of the late Nicholas Mukomberanwa, who was generally regarded as one of the world’s preeminent stone sculptors and Africa’s most esteemed artist in any medium, Lawrence is approaching the stones with a similar directness as his father did, preferably very large stones, leading to monumental sculptures with an impact. “Mixing of Cultures” expresses his understanding as an artist and his hopes as a person for our future on this planet. He speaks out about all of us coming together in a not too far away future in a true vision of the global village, where all cultures meet and bring the best into the common ground, thus creating something of a higher quality-for the good of all mankind.

Bringing such dreams and thought into sculptures is a part of what is driving Lawrence in his quest-a true artist of the people, meaning all of us. Ever on the road towards new explorations within the possible expressions you can drive out of hard stones with your hammer and chisels, he is well aware of his obligation towards the world; his art goes directly into our hearts and minds and leave an impression, a message, if you like.

When questioned about the source of his ideas, Lawrence commented that anyone deeply involved in art looks at life around them very differently from most people. He also draws on many traditional aspects of his Shona culture for inspiration. Like most children reared in rural Zimbabwe, he holds a deep respect for his elders, often depicting them in stone. His work is among the most sought after sculpture in Zimbabwe, with local and international galleries vying for his pieces. His awards are numerous, and include a prestigious Award of Merit from the National Gallery of Zimbabwe in 1998.

Lawrence Mukomberanwa is well known in the USA, Europe and Russia, and has spent part of all Friends Forever exhibitions since the very first one in Begues, Barcelona,Spain. In 2006 he gave new inspiration to one of the most distinguished sculpting academies in the world, The Academy of Art in Moscow, Russia-when he brought the stones and the Zimbabwean tradition to the students and professors there-leading to astonishing results, and forever friendships.

Exhibitions and Awards
1993: First exhibition at age 16-Harare, Zimbabwe
1996: Finished A level (advanced) education
1997: Began training to become a pilot
1998: Received Award of Merit for sculpture – National Gallery of Zimbabwe, Harare
1998: Taught sculpting workshop -Heidelberg, Germany
1999: Received commercial flying license
2000: Group Exhibition: Naked Zebra Gallery, London, England
2001: Mukomberanwa Family Exhibition: Pierre Gallery, Harare, Zimbabwe
2001: Mukomberanwa Family Exhibition: Pierre Gallery, Paris, France
2004: Group Exhibition: Barcelona, Spain
2005: Mukomberanwa and Munyaradzi Family Exhibition-Barcelona, Spain
2006: Group Exhibition: Vienna, Austria
2006: Group Exhibition: Copenhagen, Denmark
2006: Group Exhibition: Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Moscow, Russia
2006: Taught Master classes at Moscow Institute of Modern Art, Moscow, Russia
2006: Received Honorary Diploma-Moscow Institute of Modern Art
2007: Group Exhibition: Cape Gallery, Cape Town, South Africa
2008: Solo Exhibition -Zuva Gallery, Scottsdale Arizona
2008: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Golden Pheasant Inn, Erwinna, PA
2011: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Princeton, New Jersey

Nevison Solomon was born November 22, 1863 in Gokwe District, Zimbabwe the fourth of ten children, six boys and four girls. The Solomon family were farmers with their main food being (from Maise) and a number of different types of vegetables. As a child he would dig clay and make small animals to amuse himself.

In 1970, Nevison Solomon started his primary education at Nembudziya School. He began the secondary levels at Dukaupfu School in 1977. However, for financial reasons, he was unable to complete his formal education. At 17, he sought work at one of the surrounding farms, Tengwe in Karci. He was employed as a general worker and eventually promoted to the position of office clerk. He worked for two years.

In 1982, Nevison lived in Dzivarasekwa, Harare with his uncle, Richard Mahoyo, an artist doing stone carvings. Nevison found sculpting interesting and began helping his uncle. When Richard Mahoyo died, Nevison was forced by circumstances to continue carving on his own. But with so little training, Nevison found the work extremely difficult.

In 1988, Richard Mteki invited Nevison to his home to discuss the art of carving. Soon after, Nevison began working with Mr. Mteki. Nevison worked with Richard Mteki for one year before venturing out on his own once again.

Nevison Solomon began with seven tons of stone from Tengenge in 1990. He carved a number of pieces and sold them in countries such as France, Germany, Italy, America, Brussels, Britain and Switzerland. His first exhibition was in 1992 at the Standard Chartered Gallery. Today, Nevison Solomon is married with two daughters.

1992: One Man Exhibition, Standard Chartered Gallery, Zimbabwe
1993: Zimbabwe Shona Sculpture, Princeton, New Jersey
1995: One Man Exhibition, Standard Chartered Gallery, Zimbabwe
1995: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, The Montauk Club, Brooklyn New York
1997: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, New York City
1997: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island
1996-1997: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Somerset Art Museum, Bedminster, New Jersey
1998: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Providence, Rhode Island
2000 to 2003: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Princeton, New Jersey
2003 to 2005: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA
2006: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, New Hope Arts Center, New Hope , PA
2007: Celebration of Life, Horsham, PA
2007: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA
2008: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Erwinna, PA
2011: Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Princeton, New Jersey

Richard Kandemire was born September 3, 1975 in Mudzi District of Marozva Village, Zimbabwe. Born the seventh of eight children he finished his primary levels and had a great interest in artat an early age. Only carving since November of 1989, Richard is considered a natural talent. His expressions are abstract and contemporary in his portrayal in his portrayal of ancestor spirits. His faces express sharp lines and with purposeful form. Richard has learned many of his artistic skills from fellow sculptors and their willingness to share with each other has been a binding force between many artists in Zimbabwe.

Richard is married and has a young child.

Exhibitions of Richard’s work has been at the National Gallery of Zimbabwe,
New York City, Washington, D.C.; San Francisco, CA; San Diego, CA;
Boston, Massachusetts, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey and Newport, Rhode Island

Richard Mteki was born in Zimbabwe in 1947. Spending time in the company of Richard Mteki is as rich experience as living with a piece of his sculpture. He epitomizes the thoughtful demeanor that Shona people revere as a precious human trait. One of his sons is now starting to carve under Richard’s watchful eye. He also has a number of other young people working with him as student carvers. He works gently with them and urges them to work hard to find their own voice in the stone.

Richard will take you in his car to see the work of other carvers that he thinks deserve attention. He is a wonderful mentor and an astounding ambassador for Zimbabwe’s unique community of gifted sculptors.

Mteki was commissioned by the government of Zimbabwe in 1986 to carve a monumental sculpture of the great chapunga eagle that stands outside of the entrance of the national sports stadium in the capital city of Harare.

His work can move people to tears and it is much sought after by collectors from the United States as well as people from all over the world. Many of his finest pieces are part of the permanent collection in the National Gallery in Harare, Zimbabwe.

Mteki had no formal training in carving. His first work was exhibited in: the Annual Exhibition of the National Gallery of Zimbabwe in 1965 and was also shown in prestigious shows in 1981, 1987 and 1988.

His international shows include:

Rodin Museum, Paris, France
Museum of Contemporary Art. London,UK
The Irving Sculpture Garden in Sydney, Australia
Contemporary Stone Carving from Zimbabwe, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, UK
Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Millesgarden Museum, Stockholm, Sweden
International Contemporary Art Fair, Los Angeles, California, USA
Chicago International Art Exposition, Chicago, Illinois
International Gallery Invitational, Jacob Javits Center, New York City
Australia Art Expo, Sydney, Australia
The Cleveland Museum of National History, Cleveland, Ohio
Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

Robert Kwechete: was born 1959 in the ancient Inyanga Mountains in Zimbabwe. Robert Kwechete attended Popeto Primary School. While a child, Robert experienced African animals in their natural habitat. The young boy watched giraffes, rhino, waterbucks and fawns and began to feel a mystical link with each creature. Robert began his career at the age of 18 working as an apprentice for several artists before venturing out on his own in Bulawayo and eventually moving to Harare with his wife and children. When he began to practice his art, Kwechete did not feel obligated to conform to the logic of straight lines. His work evolves in true African spirals and the carved lines of his animals sweep sensuously and continuously. He prefers to work with Python Serpentine, which combines deep greens and light caramel tones. The artist travels miles to the quarry where the stone is found.

One of the wonders of his art is his use of negative space. He seems to open up the stone around his animals in a way that lets you feel very close to them. Working in extremely hard stone and constantly dealing with a concern for natural faults in the raw stone, he is able to achieve a rich balance between his natural and somewhat abstract forms.

Robert Kwechete often uses the gathering of a family of giraffes as the figurative expression of family love and devotion. His works want to be touched. Its elegance and beauty is powerful, prolific, creative and sensitive, Robert truly listens to the “voices in stone”.

Married with children, Robert Kwechete is Zimbabwe’s finest carver of exquisite stone animals. Many other carvers seek to capture the grace and elegance of the country’s numerous beautiful animals but Robert Kwechete stands out above all others.

His work has been exhibited internationally in: Australia, Germany, England, Japan, China and the United States including the exhibitions listed below:

1990: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Cambridge, Massachusetts
1991: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C.
1993 Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe:Berkeley College, White Plains, New Jersey
1993 to 1995: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: the Montauk Club, Brooklyn, New York
1994: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Princeton University
1994: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Prallsville Mills, Stockton, New Jersey
1996 to 1997: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Somerset Art Museum, Bedminster, New Jersey
1997 Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island
1997 Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: New York City
2002 to 2003: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Princeton, New Jersey
2003 to 2005: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Point Pleasant, PA
2006: Group Exhibition, Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe: Point Pleasant, PA


“Spirits in Stone” by Anthony and Laura Ponter

Sailot Ziira was born on October 30, 1981. He was the second born of the late famous sculptor Factor Ziira and the grandson of the late Henry Munyaradzi. He started carving and helping his father at the age of 12. He had finished both his primary and secondary education with honors but soon after graduating he chose to pursue stone carving as a career. Like his father he prefers to work in springstone serpentine and many of his themes follow the shape of the stone itself. He has exhibited in both Europe and the United States. He is married and has three daughters.


Littlezim Gallery 1,2 and 3, Germany
Hemingway Gallery, New York City
Kasipiti Gallery, Switzerland
Zuva Art Gallery, Phoenix, Arizona
Chapunga Gallery, Zimbabwe
Stone Sculpture from Zimbabwe, Point Pleasant, PA


Taguma Mukomberanwa is the last born son of the eminent master sculptor Nicholas Mukomberanwa. He was given the name Taguma (no more) by his parents. This humorous approach to his name has somehow spilled into his personality; a proud family father and at the same time a “wild boy”. He is an exciting artist who creates his versions of sculptures within the family tradition and through his own inherited talent. He is a close observer of everything around him, an important skill for a creator of visual arts; that makes him very entertaining and good company. His comments are funny and pensive at the same time, and proves him a serious man in all his youthfulness. This is very pronounced in his sculpture.

He works daily at the Mukomberanwa farm in Ruwa, Zimbabwe where his sisters and brothers also work in a truly creative environment.

Vince Rangisse: Unlike many of the well known carvers in Zimbabwe who come from the country’s predominant ethnic group called Shona, Venice has his cultural roots in Mozambique, the land of his birth and a former Portuguese colony located between Zimbabwe and the Indian Ocean. Having been born into a poor family in 1959, Venice realized early in his life that he would have to find employment to improve his situation. So, with a job, sponsored by his employer, Venice walked six kilometers each day to attend the Egercia School of Mozambique. There he discovered his talent for the craftsmanship that would later pull him and his family from poverty.

At age 21, Venice moved to Zimbabwe and worked as a builder with a local construction company. The owners of the company declined the management’s recommendation that Venice receive a bricklayer’s salary and so Venice was compelled to take a job as a cattle herder in Shurugwa. While tending the cattle, one went astray. The owner of the lost cattle was so angry that he fired Venice. Venice returned to Zimbabwe and in the same year, started building houses for a living. When Venice made a house for Richard Mteki, he was so impressed with Venice’s skill that Mteki encouraged the young craftsman to seek work that would require his natural talents. His continued good fortune led him to work closely with some of Zimbabwe’s leading sculptors who recognized his gift for carving and his willingness to work hard to master his craft. This kind of outreach made it possible for Venice to become an apprentice and gradually move into the ranks of a first class carver.

Vince’s work depicts Ancestor Spirits and is often carved on both sides. On the back he carves a shadow spirit, either Grandmother and Grandfather Ancestors, who protects and watches over the family.

The artist’s work has been exhibited in the National Gallery of Zimbabwe and various galleries in and around Harare including Matombo Gallery, and the Rumambo Gallery. He has exhibited overseas and in the United States including the exhibitions listed below:

1993: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Berkeley, White Plains, New York
1993 & 1995: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: The Montauk Club, Brooklyn, New York
1994: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
1994: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Prallsville Mills, Stockton, New Jersey
1996 & 1997: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Somerset Art Museum: Bedminster, New Jersey
1997: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island
1997: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: New York City, New York
1998: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Providence, Rhode Island
2000-2003: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Princeton, New Jersey
2004-2005: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Point Pleasant, PA
2006: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: New Hope Arts Center, New Hope, PA
2007: Celebration of Life: Horsham, PA
2007: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Point Pleasant, PA
2008: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Erwinna, PA
2011: Stone Sculpture of Zimbabwe: Princeton, New Jersey